Gynecology and Infectious disease
The infectious etiologies of cervicitis, all of which are sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are significantly more common than the noninfectious causes. Because the female genital tract is contiguous from the vulva to the fallopian tubes, there is some overlap between vulvovaginitis and cervicitis; both conditions are commonly categorized as lower genital tract infections. C trachomatis infection affects the cervix, urethra, salpinges, uterus, nasopharynx, and epididymis. Pregnant women with untreated genital herpes during the first or second trimester appear to have a greater than two-fold risk of preterm delivery compared with women not exposed to herpes. Possibility of HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).