Gynecologic Oncology and Case Reports
The normal functioning ovary produces a follicular cyst 6-7 times each year. In most cases, these functional cysts are self-limiting and resolve within the duration of a normal menstrual cycle. In rare situations, a cyst persists longer or becomes enlarged. Since ovaries produce physiologic cysts in menstruating women, the likelihood of a benign process is higher in women of reproductive age. Generally, no treatment is required, and many of these cysts resolve spontaneously within 6-12 weeks. In rare situations, operative intervention may be needed to treat these cystic masses. Ovarian cysts are the most common fetal and infant tumor, with a prevalence exceeding 30% the incidence of ovarian carcinoma is approximately 15 cases per 100,000 women per year. Tumors of low malignant potential make up approx. 20% of malignant ovarian tumors, whereas less than 5%are malignant germ cell tumors and 2% are granulosa cell tumors.